3:1-2 : The Beginning or the End?

De Waard and Smalley argued that the formula "hear this word" introduces closing rather than opening sections of text. However, their argument is circular. Formulae like "hear this word" occur five times in Amos:

The expression in 7:16 is slightly different ("So, now hear Adonai's word" rather than "Hear this word" 3:1; 4:1; 5:1 or "Hear this" 8:4). The construction found at 7:16, עַתָּה followed by שְׁמַע, however, is used to follow other material at Is 47:8 and Jer 37:20.

So the more widespread view that at 3:1 the formula introduces a section can be maintained.


 

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