אַשְׁמָה 'ashma "guilt". Only once in Amos, at 8:14, where translators often render with a transliteration "Ashimah". Elsewhere it can usually be rendered by "guilt" without problems. This word is almost only found in later texts, though the verb is widely used, not least by Hosea (Hos 4:15; 5:15; 10:2; 13:1; 14:1) and is more common in the Deuteronomic History than in Chronicles (Jdg 21:22; 1 Sam 6:3, 4, 8, 17; 2 Sam 14:13; 2 Kgs 12:17 cf. 2 Chron 19:10; Ezr 10:19).