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Coda (4:18-22)

"Now these are the descendants of" this is a phrase typical of the genealogies found in the Pentateuch (usually ascribed to the "P"strand) and in Chronicles.

The genealogies here and in 1 Chr 2:3-15; Mt 1:3-6 and Lc 3:31-33 are confusing and do not easily form a synopsis. The genealogy in Ruth is rather like Chronicles in its contents - though with some spelling differences. However, the style - running direct without following other lines - is more like the genealogies of the "P" strand of the Pentateuch.

Note that Matthew preserves three women in the list of the Messiah's ancestry: Rahab, Ruth and Bathsheba. Putting Ruth thus with and between a prostitute and an adulterer is hardly flattering, yet from such company comes the Messiah, king of Judah, and the Messiah, saviour of the world! The LORD does not demand moral perfection in his servants (Rahab), even uses sinners (Bathsheba and David). Among those he uses, some, a few, are saints who manage to reflect some of his qualities (Ruth and Boaz).


© Dr Tim Bulkeley, 2004.

You may quote and use these study notes, subject to the usual provsions of fair use - like giving proper credit e.g.
Tim Bulkeley, "Ruth: Genre" in Study Notes on Ruth [downloaded today's date].

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Tim teaches Hebrew Bible (First or Old Testament) at the University of Auckland, New Zealand and at Carey Baptist College his other sites include:
Amos - Postmodern Bible commentary
Study Notes on Jonah
Images of Archaeological Sites in Israel (Focusing on the Iron Age)