Israel
Biblical events and characters Other Near Eastern events
2000bce      
       
       
       
1800bce  

Abraham

 
 
The Patriarchs
likely during this period

Isaac
Jacob

 
 

Joseph

 
    c1700bce Israel in Egypt  
1600bce      
       
       
       
1400bce      
       
   

Moses

 
    1250bce Exodus  
1200bce Israel enters Canaan

Joshua

 
       
   

Judges

 
 
c.1050–1015bce
Saul

Samuel

 
1000bce
1015–975bce
David (though Saul's son Ishbaal reigned briefly among the northern tribes) unified Israel and created a small empire
Capture of Jerusalem
 
 
975–925bce
Solomon

Temple
 
         
Israel
Judah
Biblical events and characters Other Near Eastern events
950bce

 

     
 
930bce
On Solomon's death United kingdom splits
Jeroboam (I) becomes king of north (Israel)


Rehoboam (Solomon's son) retains control of Judah

   
        925bce Pharaoh Shoshenk (Shishak) raids Palestine
 

910bce Nadab becomes king of Israel
909bce Baasha assassinates Nadab and assumes control of Israel



908bce Abijam
906-875bce Asa
   
900bce        
         
 

886bce Elah rules for a time
885bce Zimri
885bce Tibni

880bce
Omri becomes strong king through alliances and conquest rebuilds Israel's strength
     
 
874bce
Ahab (Omri's son) reigns continues to build Israel's strength (accommodation with Canaanite culture)
875-851bce
Jehoshaphat restores prosperity to Judah (through peace and accommodation with Israel)
870-850bce Elijah  
 
852-850bce Ahaziah
851-842bce Jehoram    
850bce 850-842bce Joram      
  842-815bce Jehu (his coup leads to purge of Ba'al worship) 842bce Ahaziah (assassinated by Jehu) Ataliah (his mother) reigns 842-836bce    
    837-800bce Joash (Ahaziah's son put on throne in coup)    
         
  815-801bce Jehoahaz      
800bce 801-786bce Jehoash 800-783bce Amaziah    
 
786-746bce
Jeroboam II restores prosperity and gains victories
783-742bce
Uzziah makes peace with Israel and strengthens Judah
   
         
         
      Amos 753bce City of Rome founded
750bce     Hosea  
  746-745bce Zachariah
745bce Shallum
745-738bce Menahem
742-735bce Jotham Micah and Isaiah  
  738-737bce Pekahiah
737-732bce Pekah

735-715bce
Ahaz to avoid Syrian and Israelite pressure becomes Assyrian client
   
  732-722bce Hoshea
722bce Fall of Samaria
 
 
Fall of Damascus to Assyrians
722-705bce
Sargon (Assyria)
   
715-687bce
Hezekiah institutes religious reform and strengthens Judah
 
705-681bce
Sennacherib (Assyria)
700bce
 
  701bce Sennacherib invades Palestine
       
 
687-642bce
Manasseh Judah reverts to Assyrian client Hezekiah's reforms reversed
 
681-669bce
Esarhaddon (Assyria)
       
       
 
 
 
669-627bce
Assurbanipal (Assyria)
             
Judah/Yehud
Biblical events and characters Other Near Eastern events
650bce      
 
642-640bce Amon
640-609bce
Josiah (assumes throne as child) then reigns himself. Religious reform and territorial expansion


Zephaniah

 
   

Jeremiah

622bce Josiah's reform

 
 

609bce Jehoahaz
609-598bce Jehoiakim

Nahum
Habakkuk

612bce
Fall of Nineveh to Babylonians
610-595bce
Necho II (Egypt)
609bce Battle of Megiddo
605bce Battle of Carchemish
600bce 597bce Jehoiachin
597-586bce Zedekiah

597bce
Jerusalem falls to Nebuchadnezzer
586bce
Jerusalem falls second time and is destroyed
 
Ezekiel
605-562bce
Nebuchadnezzar II (Babylon)
       
     
562-560bce
Amel-Marduk (Babylon)
     
556-539bce
Nabonidus (Babylon)
550bce    
c559-530bce
Cyrus (Persia)
   

Sheshbazzar
Zerubbabel and Joshua

539bce
Babylon falls to Cyrus return possible for exiles
530-522bce
Cambyses (Persia)
   
Temple rebuilt
Haggai and Zechariah
522-486bce
Darius I (Persia)
       
500bce      
       
       
   

Malachi

464-423bce
Artaxerxes I (Persia)
450bce  

Nehemiah and Ezra

 
       
       
       
400bce      
       
       
       
350bce      
     
336-331bce
Darius III (Persia)
331-323bce
Alexander the Great (Greek)
       
       
300bce      
     
285-247bce
Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Ptolemaic)
       
       
250bce      
       
     
223-187bce
Antiochus III (Ptolemaic)
       
200bce    
187-175bce
Seleucus IV (Selucid)
   

168-165bce Maccabean revolt

164bce Rededication of temple

175-163bce
Antiochus IV Epiphanes (Selucid) ordered his image installed in temple
       
       
150bce      
       
       
       
100bce      
       
       
     
63bce
Pompey (Roman) captures Jerusalem
50bce    
43bce-14ce
Augustus (Emperor of Rome)
     
37-4bce
Herod the Great (appointed by Romans) "King of the Jews"
31bce
Octavian defeats Anthony and Cleopatra Egypt loses independence
       
   
c5bce
Jesus born in Bethlehem
 
1ce      
 
18ce
Caiaphas High Priest
26ce
Pontius Pilate appointed Governor of Judea
 
14-37ce
Tiberius Emperor of Rome
   
30ce
Jesus execution and resurrection
33ce
Saul (Paul) converted




37-41ce
Caligula Emperor of Rome
   
49ce
Expulsion of Jews from Rome
Council of Jerusalem
41-54ce
Claudius Emperor of Rome
50ce    
54-68ce
Nero Emperor of Rome
 
 
66ce
Jewish revolt in Palestine
64ce
Fire of Rome, Nero persecutes Christians
   
70ce
Jerusalem recaptured, temple destroyed
69-79ce
Vespasian (conqueror of Palestine) Emperor of Rome
       
100ce  

Justin Martyr

 
       
       
       
150ce  

Tertullian

 
       
       
   

Origen

 
200ce      
       
       
     
 
300ce  

Athanasius

 
 
313ce
Constantine recognizes Christianity
 
312-337ce
Constantine Emperor of Rome
 
325ce
Council of Nicea
 
 
   

Basil the Great
Ambrose of Milan

Jerome
Augustine of Hippo

 
400ce    
410ce
Sack of Rome (end of Empire)
       
 
451ce
Council of Chalcedon
 
 
       
500ce      
     
527-565ce
Justinian Emperor of Byzantium
   

Gregory the Great

 
     
570-632ce
Muhammad prophet of Islam
600ce