First used in its modern sense by Karl Marx in one of his early unpublished works (The German Ideology), sociologists use the word for "styles of thought". An ideology is the scheme of thought or the systematic world-view that explains and justifies particular social structures and behaviors. In the Ancient Near-East ideology and religion were usually closely identified. So, in Egypt the religious notion of the king as "son" of the god was part of the ideology sustaining the political power of the court. Israel's religion often criticized or limited such power, though some signs suggest that practice was different from its biblical portrayal. Look at Ps 2 and 110.

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